Step 1. Fingering Method
In this term, the child is taught to count from 0 – 99 using his fingers. On the right hand, each finger represents one count and on the left hand, each finger represents a group of ten counts. The child is then trained to do addition and subtraction using the theory of the fingering method. Once these calculations are learned by the child, only then, will he be introduced to the abacus.
Step 2. The Abacus
The use of the abacus is the higher term in learning arithmetic. In this term, the child is taught to transfer the theory of the fingering method to the abacus board. Only the right hand is used to handle the abacus board. The thumb and the index finger are used at the bottom section of the abacus board that consists of four beads on each row and only the index finger is used at the top section of the board that has single beads on each row. By using the abacus board, the child can now calculate addition and subtraction from 1 to 1000.
Step 3. Mental Arithmetic
Here the child is taught to visualize the abacus board in his mind. He is then trained to do the calculations mentally with and without using the abacus board. In this term, the multiplication method of calculation is introduced to the child.
Step 4. Division Method
The division method of calculation is introduced and taught to the child throughout the fourth term. In this level, the attention is centered on complex and challenging mathematical numbers.
Step 5-8. Visualization of Other Functions
The visualization of the functions of (+ – x ) method is established. In these terms, the lessons are concentrated on larger and more complex numbers. The learner is required to complete it fast and accurately.